Toon Samo, aaonn gandree, Moon main aib n lakh mohenjay hin haal jee, Tokhay sabh parakh karan raba, Mataan maangar matee-ain
Samma (Urdu: سما ) is a Sindhi tribe settled in the provinces of sindh of Pakistan. They speak Sindhi. A large number of the Samma tribe lives in Sindh. The current Chief Patron of Sindh is Dada Haji Mohammad Hashim Samo, he is well known as Jam of Sindh and head of his Tribe.
The Samma are an old tribe settled in Sindh . The most famous ruler of Samma was Jam Nizamuddin Samo, who ruled Sindh . Jan Nizamuddin Samo was an illustrious and beloved ruler: his 48-year reign was an age of peace and prosperity, when the mosques were all full at namaz time, when robberies were rare. Every morning when he groomed his horses, he prayed that he might never ride them out into battle. Fittingly, his tomb is the finest at Makli an exquisite marriage of ornate carving and elegant simplicity.
Sculpted ducks walk across its walls, as do Quranic calligraphy and sunflowers and fine geometric patterns; delicate lace screens are carved over arched windows and there is almost a festival of jharokhas. later the descendants of this tribe settled in Sindh.
The Samma Dynasty ruled in Sindh and parts of Punjab and Balochistan from 1333-1524 A.D., with their capital at Thatta in modern Pakistan before being replaced by the Arghun Dynasty. The Samma dynasty has left its mark in Sindh with magnificent structures including the necropolis of kings and royalties in Thatta and many more ruinsg
The Samma is a Sindhi tribe, gained control of Thatta in the southern Sindh from the Soomra around 1332, and expanded their territory northward to Bhakkar(District in Punjab Pakistan) and beyond. Throughout the period of the Samma dynasty, Turkic groups were pushing down from the northwest, including those led by Timur (Tamerlane) who sacked Delhi in 1398, and later the Mughals who finally conquered Delhi under Babur in 1526. The Sammas fought off these invaders until they were finally defeated by the Arghun Dynasty, who had been displaced from Kandahar in Afghanistan by Babur, in 1519-1520.
Samma (Samo) Sindhi Rajput
Samma/Samo (Yaduvamshi Rajputs) eastern and lower Sind and Bahawalpur.
The Samma dynasty took the title "Jam", the equivalent of "King" or "Sultan", because they claimed to be descended from Jamshid
Jamshid is described as having been the fourth and greatest king of the epigraphically unattested Pishdadian dynasty ( before Kayanian dynasty
Chronology (dated of historical event in which they occur)
|1335-1339||'||Founder of dynasty|
|1339-1352||Junan Samo||Junan||Brother of 'Unar|
|1352-1367||Banhbina Samo||Babinho Sadr al-Din||Son of 'Unar|
|1367-1379||Tamachi Samo||Tamachi Rukn al-Din|
|1379-1389||Salah-ud-din||Saláhuddín||Son of Tamachi (usurper)|
|1389-1391||Nizam-ud-din||Nizámuddín||Son of Salah-ud-din|
|1391-1398||Ali Sher||Son of Tamachi|
|1398-1414||Fath Khan||Fateh Khán bin Sikandar||Nephew of Karn|
|1414-1442||Tughluq||Taghlak bin Sikandar||Brother of Fath Khan|
|1442-1444||Sikandar||Son of Tughluq|
|1453-1461||Sanjar||Sanjar (Radhan) Sadr al-Din Samo|
|1461-1508||Jam Nanda||Nizámuddín Samo|
|1508-1527||Jam Feroze|| Ferozudin Samo|
Son of Nanda Samo
There are various theories about the origins of Samma tribe. Some believe they were descendants of Sam (Shem), the eldest of the three surviving sons of the prophet Nuh (Noah). According to others they were the descendants of Sam,Argue that as the Samma rulers used the title of Jam, than Sammas are the descendants of King Jamshid, the legendary king of Persia (IRAN).
Another theory makes them to be sons of Sames of Sophene. Sames or Samos I was the founder of the Kingdom of Sophene and the city of Samosata first mentioned by Eratosthenes in 245 BC. Ziaelas of Bithynia took refuge at the court of Satrap (Governor) Sames in Samosata in 260 BC. He was succeeded by his son Arsames I.
Another theory makes them out to be Jadaun or Jadubansi Samma Rajput.
(Jam (Urdu: جام) means king or Sardar ). It is not a tribe, but the title given to the leading Royal family of Samma tribe in Sindh.
The rise of Thatta as an important commercial and cultural centre was directly related to Jam Nizamuddin Samo II (Jam Ninda's) patronage and policies. At the time the Portuguese took control of the trading centre of Hormuz in 1514 CE, trade from the Sindh accounted for nearly 10% of their customs revenue, and they described Thatta as one of the richest cities in the world. Thatta's prosperity was based partly on its own high-quality cotton and silk textile industry, partly on export of goods from further inland in the Punjab and northern India. However, the trade declined when the Mughals took over. Later, due to silting of the main Indus channel, Thatta no longer functioned as a port.
The Samma civilization contributed significantly to the evolution of the "Sindhi-Islamic" architectural style. Thatta is famous for its necropolis, which covers 10 square km on the Makli Hill. It assumed its quasi-sacred character during Jam Nizamuddin Samo (Jam Ninda's) rule. Every year thousands perform pilgrimage to this site to commemorate the saints buried here. The graves testify to a long period when Thatta was a thriving center of trade, religion and scholarly pursuits.
After the demise of the Samma dynasty the (Jam Samo's)Nawab migrated along with his brothers and tribal members leaving their once thriving land of Nagar-Samma to parts of India and settled in Gujrat(state of india) A vast Village in Gujrat is now settled by the descendants of the 4 tribal leaders who were also blood brothers.
Four of the brothers is recorded to have migrated back to Sindh and settled the lands on the outskirts of Thatta known as Sikhaat(Samma-Nagar) -Now A large number of the Samma tribel ives in All District of Sindh ,Pakistan And All over the world. The current Chief Patron of Sindh is Al-Hajj Dada Mohammad Hashim Samo, he is well known as Jam of Sindh and head of his Tribe,settled Village Sikhaat District Matiari Sindh and other settled in Petaro District Jamshoro famous for its rose farms. The village in Gujrat Known also Nagar-Samma consists of many thousand of acres of cultivatable and non cultivatable land an accurate size is not known.