Proud To Be Samma Tribalism

           Hazrat Shaheed Makhdoom Bilawal Samo "R.A)

 Hazrat Shaheed Makhdoom Bilawal Bin Jam Hassan Samo (R.A) (1451- 1523 AD/856- 929 AH).)   Famous Sindhi Sufi saint, Sufi master, philosopher scholar and poet,He was popularly knows as Makhdoom Bilawal (R.A).

                       Hazrat Shaheed Makhdoom Bilawal Samo "R.A)
 Died 1451AD / 929 AH)
 Cause of Death was crushed in an oil press
 Nationality Sindhi
 Education  Thatta
 Occupation  Sufi saint/ master, philosopher scholar, poet
 Title  Makhdoom Bilawal Shaheed (R.A).
  Parents  Nephew of Hazrat Sultan Jam Nizamuddin.

He Belonged to Samma Royalty and was a member of the ruling family of Thatta ,His Grandfather Hazrat Sultan Jam Idress Samo (R.A)was Governor of Lesbala (Baluchistan) and His Grandfather Sultan Hazrat Jam Idress Samo is Brother of Hazrat Sultan Jam Nizamuddin Samo (R.A)  Ruler of Samma density , and for this reason he was called "Samma Sardar". It has not been possible to establish his date of birth, but it is generally considered that he must have been born at the end of the middle of Ninth Century of Hijra. He said poems in Persian and Sindhi languages.


 Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai (R.A) Said

These Sufis are not concerned with what they will eat or drink. Eating good food is not one of their desires. Sitting down in a wilderness they Light a fire and lose themselves in meditation, and do not go out for begging even for a few hours. They love poverty; and have affection for those who have love of humanity in their heart.

Then he says at another place.

They were always in a state of traveling. They never settled down at one place. They continued to visit different places and was always moving in the direction of a land of spiritual beautification. They had acquired the knowledge about truth (Allah). Let us go at their door to receive blessings.


He Born Samma Family in Thatta (1451- 1523 AD/856- 929 AH).) ,He received his early education in Thatta, and acquired further education in Talti under the tutelage of Makhdoom Muhammad Umar. He was married in Talal and then he made Talal his permanent habitation. He was an accomplished scholar of Hadith and interpreter of the Holy Qur’an. As his fame spread far and wide in this capacity, people from distant places came to him to benefit from his learning. He also held a very elevated place as a mystic.  From the point of view of the line of the mystics he came from the Kibrvia branch of Suhrawardiyya order of Sufi ,School of mysticism, but he was one of the distinguished venerable people of his time, which is evident through the writings of Mian Ghulam Rasul Siddiqui, the grandson of Makhdoom Nooh. Speaking about the life of Makhdoom Nooh, he says, that there were only three venerable people is Sindh at this time, Makhdoom Bilawal Samo(R.A)  , Makhdoom Sha’aba(R.A)  and Makhdoom Sarwar Nooh(R.A).

There followed a line of distinguished Caliphs (deputies) who had taken an oath of allegiance at his hand.

1. Makhdoom Sahar Lanjar (R.A) (Unarpur)
2. Syed Haider (R.A) (Sann) Grand father of G.M Syed
3. Makhdoom Ruknuddin(R.A)  alias ‘Mithu Thathu"
4. Makhdoom Hassan (R.A) alias Bilawali.
5. Makhdoom Saad(R.A)  alias Saand (Khiary Sharif Sakrand)
6. Makhdoom Hangoru (R.A) (Near Taluka Moro)

Shah Ruknuddin of Sadaat Matyari received the benefit of learning from Makhdoom Sahar, who was the grandson of Sakhi Hashim who achieved renown as a holy man. Most of the people of Sadaat Matyari are his followers. Sakhi Hashim Shah was a friend of Shah Habib, the father of Shah Latif, and it was at his suggestion that he left Matyari to settle in Bhaipur. Therefore it cannot be denied that indirectly Shah Latif had also benefited from the Bilawali (R.A) line of mystics.

 Legends and Stories

The mystic is a rebellious character who doesn’t care for worldly authority.  Makhdoom Bilawal Samo (R.A)  of Baghban  challenged Shah Beg Arghun in Sindh in the 15 to 16th century.

 Arghun Khan was the fourth ruler of the Mongol empire's Ilkhanate, from 1284 to 1291. He was the son of Abaqa Khan, and like his father, was a devout Buddhist. He was known for sending several embassies to Europe in an unsuccessful attempt to form a Franco-Mongol alliance against the Muslims..

Mongol invaders who killed many regional Sindhi Jam and Amirs loyal to the Samma Tribe.

When Shah Baig Arghoon launched a series of attacks on Sindh, Darya Khan, the minister of Hazrat Sultan Jam Nizamuddin Samo(R.A)  , the Samma ruler started the movement of Sindhi Nationalism. Makhdoom Bilawal Samo(R.A)   was the guiding spirit of this movement. Makhdoom Samo Sahib, his companions and Caliphs put up a vigorous opposition against the foreign aggression of Shah Baig Argoon.

In the same manner Makhdoom Samo Sahib(R.A)  also opposed Syed Muhammad Miran Junpuri’s Movement of Pan-Islamism in a most vigorous and organized way. It was due to this reason that Shah Hassan Arghoon the son of Shah Baig Arghoon on the basis of false allegation against him secured a religious dictum from the power-hungry Mullahs (priests) and. Shaheed Makhdoom Bilwal Samo(R.A), Moltus Khan, and Kazi Kazan. But the capitol Thatta was a port city, unlike garrisons it could not mobilize large armies against the Arghun .Makhdum Bilawal Samo (R.A)  was saying that a foreigner had no right to rule the land of Sindh ,In retaliation, Arghun initiated a plot against Bilawal, getting a clergyman to stitch a page of the Holy Quran inside his slippers.  Bilawal Samo(R.A) was asked what the punishment should be for a person who desecrated the Quran and when he answered, “ death,” showed the page of the Quran stitched in his slippers. Ultimately he was ground to pieces in an oil grinder.This tragedy took place in 30th Safar 929/1523 AD Hijra. His beliefs and ideas have been described in detail earlier in this look.



   Shrine of Hazrat Shaheed Makhdoom Bilawal Samo(R.A)

The shrine of Shaheed Makhdoom Bilawal Samo(R.A) is in Baghban village , seven miles to the north of Dadu, adjacent to be Indus Highway. Near the shrine is a Jamia Masjid and a water pond. In the vicinity of the shrine there are also mazaars of very famous saints such as Makhdoom Danyal(R.A), who was a spiritual teacher of Makhdoom Bilawal Shaheed(R.A).



  Jamia Masjid

Hazrat Shaheed Makhdoom Bilawal Samo


His annual Urs (death anniversary celebration) is held on the 30 Safar - the second month of the Muslim lunar calendar. Thousands of devotees flock to the tomb while every Friday their number stands multiplied especially at the time of his ‘Urs’ being a carnival as well a religious festival and celebrated every year.  Shaheed Makhdoom Bilawal Samo(R.A) is in Baghban village springs to life and becomes the focal point of more than thousands above  pilgrims from all over Sindh Pakistan. On  morning of the day feast, the narrow lanes of  Baghban village  are packed to capacity as thousands and thousands of pilgrims, Sufi Saint, Scholars , fakirs and devotees make their way to the shrine to commune with the saint, offer their tributes and make a wish. Most of the people present garlands and a green chadar (a cloth used to cover a tomb) with Qur’anic inscriptions in silver or gold threads. Humming of verses,

Significant factors in Sindhi defeat

A significant factor in Sindhi defeat was the religious fanaticism that marked the last days of the Sammas. Hazrat Shaheed Makhdoom Bilawal Samo,  a scion of the royal family, represented the liberal school, patronized by Shaheed Dolah Darya Khan alias Jam Mubarak, soldier-statesman, himself.

When, however, Sultan Hazrat Jam Nizamuddin Samo  the Great was succeeded by a weak Sultan Jam Feroze Samo, the orthodox group came up. Hazrat Shaheed Makhdoom Bilawal Samo was crushed in an oil press. It broke the heart of Sindh.


Makhdoom is a Muslim Sufi ,This title is now used by the descendents of the Sufi masters, Hazrat Abbas (R.A), respectable maternal uncle of Prophet Muhammad, usually visited Mecca and Medina. Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W.W) received him and always addressed him with the title of Makhdoom. From that time Arab people descended from that family are especially called "Makhdoom" which means one who is served.

Moro: February 20, 2010. (Nazir Samo reports